Three Red Flags was an ideological slogan in the late 1950s that called on the Chinese people to build a socialist state. The “Three Red Flags” also called the “Three Red Flags”, consisted of the General Line for socialist construction, the Great Leap Forward and the popular communes.

After the first Five-Year Plan, the People’s Republic of China continued its socialist construction by introducing the “Three Red Flags Movement.” The General Line ordered the Chinese people to “do everything possible, aim high and build socialism with bigger, faster, better and cheaper results.” [2] By the end of 1958, almost all Chinese peasants had organized into communes. with an average of 5000 homes each. All privately owned properties were confiscated or contributed to the communes and people were not allowed to cook their own food and instead ate in community kitchens. The Great Leap Forward, begun in 1958, was a drive to rapidly modernize by using China’s vast labor resources in agricultural and industrial projects. Instead, the Salto led to economic destruction and tens of millions of starvation deaths, and had been mostly abandoned in early 1962. Membership in the communes was gradually reduced in the early 1960s, and was allowed again. private property and business. The communes continued until they were dismantled in the early 1980s under Deng Xiaoping.

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