Express entry program is the most popular program in Canadian immigration to obtain a permanent residence visa. Now it is a point-based program where ITAs are given to the candidates who are able to obtain a certain amount of points that are set by Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) while doing an express draw that is held on a regular interval of the period. 

What is the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)?

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the system where candidate profiles are ranked in the express pool based on the points that are awarded based on various eligibility factors. Higher ranked profiles are given an ITA to apply for a permanent residence visa to IRCC. 

Now, in CRS candidates are ranked based under the following components:

  • Core human capital factors
  • Accompanying spouse or common-law factors
  • Skill transferability factors
  • Other factors that are related to a provincial nomination, offer for arranged employment, study experience, siblings living in Canada, and French language proficiency. 

How points are awarded in CRS Calculator?

Points awarded are mainly based on two factors:

  • If the candidate is migrating with the spouse
  • If the candidate is migrating without a spouse

Point distributions based on these two factors are as follows:

Core/Human Capital FactorsPoints per factor/ With Spouse or common-law partnerPoints per factor/ Without Spouse or common-law partner
Age100110
Educational Level140150
Language Proficiency150160
Work experience in Canada7080

CRS awards the candidates with a maximum of 1200 points through the CRS calculator 2020. Candidates who are traveling with their spouse or common-law partner are awarded points in the following manner:

  • In core, human capital factor maximum awarded points are 500.
  • Skill transferability factors award with a maximum of 100 points.
  • For the provincial nomination program, 600 points were awarded.
  • For arranged employment up to 200 points are available.
  • Canadian study experience awards with up to 30 points.
  • Extra points for language proficiency in French – 30 additional points.
  • Maximum 15 points for a sibling living in Canada as a permanent residence.

Candidates who are traveling without their spouse or common-law partner are awarded points in the following manner:

  • In core, human capital factor maximum awarded points are 460 for the principal applicant, and for spouse or common-law partner maximum awarded points are 40.
  • For the provincial nomination program, 600 points were awarded.
  • For arranged employment up to 200 points are available.
  • Canadian study experience awards with up to 30 points.
  • Extra points for language proficiency in French – 30 additional points.
  • Maximum 15 points for a sibling living in Canada as a permanent residence. (Sibling can be a primary applicant or spouse or common-law partner. Only one can be applicable for both)

How does CRS work in express entry programs?

As we know the express entry is a point-based program. Those points are awarded based on eligibility criteria that are submitted at the time of the creation of the express profile. One of the points are awarded (through CRS Score calculator 2020)based on those points, the candidate’s profile is ranked in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Higher ranked profile in CRS is then given an invitation to apply (ITA) so that they can apply for permanent residence to the Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC). 

CRS helps to sort out the express profiles and help to select the skilled immigrants only for permanent residence. This way eligible employers can also use the express pool to select the eligible immigrants for job profiles they are best suited for.

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