Currently, there are a massive amount of anaemia patients. Every house has 6% of patients with this disease. Calculated as a percentage, it may be more. Decreased production of red blood cells, decreased haemoglobin, and non-production of blood are the symptoms of this disease. It is also called a low red blood cell count.
Low red blood cell count is common nowadays. Many people fight with it, and after three months, they save themselves by taking blood from others as long as they can. Many suffer from depression and fear. If you have a little more awareness and care, you can stay healthy for a long time. And for this, we need to reserve blood or donors.
To know more about it, please scroll down.
Low red blood cell count what does it mean?
When you do not have enough healthy red blood cells, you have a condition called anaemia. That means that the level of haemoglobin (Hgb) in your blood is low. Haemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell (RBC) that carries oxygen to all the cells in your body. Anaemia is a common side effect in cancer patients.
If you have anaemia, your haemoglobin level will also be lower. If it is low enough, your tissues or organs may not get enough oxygen. Symptoms of anaemia – such as fatigue or shortness of breath – occur because your organs are not getting the function they need.
Women, young children, and people with long-term illnesses are more likely to have anaemia. Essential things to keep in mind that can remind you of care for yourself and near persons:
- Women are at risk of iron deficiency anaemia due to blood loss and higher blood supply during pregnancy.
- Older adults have a higher risk of anaemia because they are more likely to have kidney disease or other chronic medical conditions.
Causes of Low red blood cell count
There are many causes of anaemia, and each one is different. If you refrain from these, you may save yourself from a low red blood cell count. Moreover, everyone should be aware of the reasons.
- Cancer itself Cancer
- Besides, treatment such as radiation or chemotherapy
- Anaemia (this could be bleeding from a tumour, bleeding from a cancer cell entering a blood vessel, or bleeding from other conditions such as heavy urination or bleeding from a stomach ulcer)
- Also, The body is destroying red blood cells (RBCs) before they can replace
- Besides, The body produces fewer RBCs
- Having chronic kidney disease
- Sickle cell disease or conditions like thalassemia (an inherited disorder of red blood cells)
- However, A combination of any one of these
- Some vitamins or minerals are missing in the diet due to not eating enough
- After that, Iron levels in the blood are low
- And, Major organ problems (including serious heart, lung, kidney or liver disease)
Some risk factors can make a person with cancer more likely to have anaemia. Like:
- Some types of tumours (such as lung or ovarian tumours)
- Also, Haemoglobin levels are low before cancer occurs
- Besides, Some chemotherapy drugs, such as platinum-based chemotherapy (this is a specific group of chemo drugs)
Low red blood cell count symptoms
The symptoms of anaemia can be so mild that you may not even notice it. At a certain point in time, the symptoms often develop as your blood cells decrease. Depending on the cause of the anaemia, the symptoms may include:
- or loss of consciousness
- Also, Pain including your bones, chest, abdomen and joints
- The skin is pale or yellow
- However, Cold hands and feet
- Fatigue or weakness
- Fast or abnormal heartbeat
- And, Headache
- Growth problems for children and adolescents
- Besides, weakness of breath
- Extreme Fatigue
- Finally, Swelling of hands or feet
Depending on your haemoglobin level and the symptoms you are experiencing, anaemia can range from mild to life-threatening. Some of these symptoms are more severe than others. Your doctor will explain your haemoglobin level and the severity of your anaemia.
Tell your doctor or nurse immediately if you have any of these symptoms. If you can’t get to your cancer care team right now, you need immediate care in an emergency room.
Low red blood cell count in pregnancy
You may experience anaemia when you are pregnant. When you have anaemia, your blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells in your tissues and to carry oxygen to your baby.
During pregnancy, your body produces more blood to support your baby’s growth. If you do not get enough iron or some other nutrients, your body will not make the number of blood cells, and you need to make extra blood.
Anaemia can make you feel tired and weak. If left untreated, it can increase the risk of serious complications, such as preterm delivery.
Types of anaemia during pregnancy
Different types of anaemia can develop during pregnancy. These include:
- Iron deficiency anaemia
This type of anaemia occurs when the body does not have enough iron to produce enough haemoglobin. It is a protein in red blood cells. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. In iron deficiency anaemia, the blood cannot have enough oxygen to the tissues throughout the body
- Folate-deficient anemia
Folate is a vitamin found naturally in some foods, such as green leafy vegetables, a B vitamin type, the body needs folate to make new cells, including healthy red blood cells.
Women need extra folate during pregnancy. But sometimes they don’t get enough from their diet. When this happens, the body cannot make enough normal red blood cells to transport oxygen to the tissues throughout the body. The human supplement of folate is called folic acid.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
The body needs vitamin B12 to form healthy red blood cells. While pregnant women do not get enough vitamin B12 from their diet, their body cannot produce enough healthy red blood cells. Women who do not eat meat, poultry, dairy foods and eggs are at higher risk of vitamin B12 deficiency, contributing to congenital disabilities such as neural tube abnormalities and labour pains.
Blood loss during and after delivery can also cause anaemia.
Low red blood cell count after surgery
Anaemia is a common term for abnormally low blood transfusions prevalent in the body. Postoperative anaemia is one of the risks of surgical treatment. A complete blood test (CBC) is done before and after surgery to check the levels of different types of cells in your blood.
This test can tell us if the blood loss during the surgery was significant enough to warrant a blood transfusion or a minor. Surgeons often have a good idea of how much blood losing without testing during surgery, but will make sure that blood work.
Mild invasive surgery naturally causes more blood loss than an open surgery where blood transfusions may require during or after surgery. Bleeding disorders, such as haemophilia are usually possible. But laparoscopy (“keyhole surgery”) is recommended rather than open surgery.
Both trauma and trauma surgery involve substantial bleeding. Some injuries, such as a large bone compound fracture, are associated with significant blood loss.
Low red blood cell count cancer
Cells and tissues throughout the body use oxygen as fuel. This oxygen is supplied by red blood cells. Anaemia occurs when the number of red blood cells in a patient is low.
Besides, Since the body is not getting all the oxygen it needs, the patient feels weak and tired. Other symptoms include A pale hue Weakness of breath Chest pain and headache.
Besides, anaemia is a common condition in cancer patients. That is because cancers cause inflammation which reduces the production of red blood cells. Many chemotherapeutics meaning they slow down new blood cells’ production by the bone marrow.
However, In other cases, Sometimes anaemia can also cause by kidney problems. The kidneys make a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells. If a patient has kidney cancer or is affected by kidney cancer treatment, they may develop anaemia.
Low red blood cell count can also cause a decrease in blood cells due to bleeding.
Does anaemia mean you have cancer?
Yes, mean it. Low red blood cell count is a fatigue-induced condition that can cause by low levels of iron or many other things, including vitamin B12, malaria or even lead poisoning. However, in the context of cancer diagnosis, anaemia can be caused by cancer, chemotherapy treatment or both.
How to know if your blood count is low?
Symptoms of bone marrow failure diseases such as aplastic anaemia, MDS and PNH occur due to low blood count. The specific symptoms depend on what type of blood cells are affected. Read the section below to see the signs of each kind of cell. You may have many of these symptoms or just one or two of them. And you can get a new symptom at any time during your illness.
Low blood cell count is called anaemia. If you have a low number of red blood cells, you can do this.
- I am feeling a little tired or exhausted.
- Feel less alert or have trouble concentrating.
- Need to lose appetite or lose weight.
- Stay lighter than normal skin.
- There is trouble breathing.
- Have a fast heartbeat
- They have decreased ability to exercise or climb stairs.
Anaemia in cancer patients is usually treated on a case-by-case basis. Sometimes anaemia treatment delays cancer treatment until your red blood cells have recovered.
- Treat the cause of anaemia
- Increase the haemoglobin level so that the symptoms get better
The most common treatments for anaemia in cancer patients include:
Your doctor will monitor your test results, symptoms, how long you have had symptoms, type of cancer, cancer treatment and other factors. Talk to your cancer care team about what treatment is right for you. The expected benefits of treatment, like any treatment problem, should always outweigh the potential risks.
- Iron therapy
- Red blood cell transplantation, commonly known as blood transfusion
- Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA)
- Other drugs
How to increase red blood cell count
Low blood cell count (RBC) counts can cause a variety of symptoms and health complications.
People can make several diet and lifestyle changes to increase the number of RBCs in the body. However, it is vital to see a doctor if the symptoms persist.
A low RBC count usually occurs when a person does not eat enough essential nutrients. Eating more nutritious foods gives the body the tools it needs to make effective RBCs.
People can also take these essential vitamins and minerals as supplements, but it is best to get nutrition from healthy foods in the diet if possible. It is best to eat foods that provide the following nutrients:
Iron is a nutrient with most links to anaemia. The body uses iron to make haemoglobin, which stores oxygen in the blood cells. Without iron, these cells can die or be unable to send oxygen to the body.
- shellfish, such as oysters, clams, and mussels
- fortified cereals
- chocolate with 45–69% cacao solids
- baked potato with the skin attached
- beef liver
- chicken liver
- white beans
- Vitamin B-12 is important for brain function and the formation of new RBCs. Low vitamin B-12 levels can prevent RBCs from maturing fully.
- Vitamin B-12 binds to proteins in the diet and occurs naturally in red meat, fish and shellfish. Dairy products, such as milk and cheese, contain vitamin B-12.
Vitamin B-9 is also known as folic acid or folate. It is an essential nutrient for the nervous system and adrenal glands. Folate also helps in the formation of new cells in the body. People with low levels of folate may develop anaemia.
Folic acid-rich foods include:
- Beef liver
- Brussels sprouts
- Vegetables such as spinach and mustard greens
- Orange and orange juice
- Black-eyed peas
- Kidney beans
- Rich bread and grains
Vitamin C occurs in a variety of foods, such as:
- red and green peppers
- baked potatoes
- grapefruit juice
Copper is an essential mineral that helps the body use iron in the blood. If someone has a deficiency of carp, they have difficulty absorbing iron in their blood cells.
Retinal or vitamin A supports a person’s RBC calculation as much as copper. That can help the cells absorb iron to work at full capacity.
Foods that can provide vitamin with A include:
- Beef liver
- Some fish including salmon
- Sweet potatoes
- Dark leafy vegetables such as kale, collard and spinach
Moreover, Moderate exercise can provide benefits to anyone who practices it. But it is crucial for creating healthy RBCs.
There are more than 400 types of anaemia.
Common causes are blood loss, decreased or failed RBC production and RBC destruction.
The most common type of iron deficiency anaemia is that it sometimes develops due to Crohn’s disease due to lack of nutrition or the use of certain medications. So All have to know about Low red blood cell count.