Now we are going to see a list of the endangered species of India.
One of the animals that are most conspicuously endangered is the Bengal tiger. Other native cats of India encounter problems, such as the Himalayan snow leopard, the Asian lion is also in danger of extinction. This lion has 350 species.
Also included in this list are whales and other cetaceans. The Ganges and the Indus River dolphins, which are two species of river dolphins. Polluted waters, fishing nets threaten these species. The humpback whale, the blue whale, the sperm whale, the fin whale are in danger in the Indian Sea.
Also, several species of shrews are in danger of extinction, such as the Andaman, Nicobar, and Jenkin. Of these species, there are small populations. The servant mouse, the hare, the Kondana rat, and the multicolored flying squirrel are in danger of extinction.
Endangered species of India
India is home to a huge population of animals of different varieties.Many of them threatened or endangered. Hunting, habitat loss, and ecosystem destabilization mean that many of India’s most iconic animals are also in danger of disappearing. According to India net zone, 410 species of Indian mammals are endangered. This amount is about 9 percent of all mammals in the world. Also, the majestic Bengal tiger of India threatened by human activity.
The Bengal tiger is one of the most visible endangered creatures in India. This animal has associates with India since the British colonial occupation. However, other big cats native to the country are also in trouble. These include the Himalayan snow leopard and the Asiatic lion. According to Wildlife Tours in India, only about 350 of these lions exist.
Whales and other cetaceans also include in India’s endangered species list. The Ganges and Indus River dolphins are two closely related species of river dolphins. These nearly blind creatures threatened by polluted waters, fishing nets, and game prey across rivers. The fin whale, the humpback whale, the sperm whale.And the blue whale also endangered in the waters of the Indian Sea.
Most Endangered species in India
Elephants and rhinos
These large and heavy herbivores threaten by poaching and habitat loss. The single-horned Indian rhino reduces as grasslands have convert to agricultural land. The Sumatran rhino’s smaller cousin is a forest creature and currently only lives in small, scattered populations.
However, it considers critically endangered. The Indian or Asian elephant has not threaten by poaching as much as the African elephant, but it suffers from habitat loss. According to information about the animal, about 20,000 wild elephants remain in India.
Many less impressive animals of India are also in danger. Several species of shrews, such as the Andaman and Nicobar.And Jenkin, only exist in small populations. The servant mouse, hispid hare or shaggy rabbit, soft-haired Kondana rat, and the multi-colored flying squirrel also endangered. The Lampada flying squirrel critically endangered. Several species of bats, including the rare Ali Salim fruit bat, the free-tailed Wroughton bat, and Pedro’s nostril bat, are also in trouble. Unfortunately, these smaller creatures are rarely the focus of animal preservation campaigns.
India is home to several endangered primates, including the capped leaf monkey. Also, the golden leaf monkey, ginnon hoolock, and lion-tailed macaque. Many of these creatures have never common and have trouble adapting to human settlements. They also threatened by the pet trade and by poachers who capture them for research facilities and zoos.
List of the most Endangered animals in India
- Siberian crane
- Indian rhino
- Goofy’s tarantula or ornamental sapphire tarantula
- Indian vulture
- Asian wild dog
- Red panda
- Great hammerhead shark
- Napoleon or giant wrasse
- Blue whale
- Malay Bear
- Sloth bear, lazy bear, or honey bear
- Collared bear or Asian black bear
Sign of rich biodiversity, India is very provided with national parks and wildlife reserves. There are no less than 880! Among the best known, the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary and Kaziranga National Park, listed as World Heritage by Unesco in 1985. The world’s largest population of Indian rhinos lives in this park. Also established in the North, Jim Corbett National Park is renowned for being home to many endangered species. He is at the origin of the Tiger Project, a conservation program dedicated to the Bengal tiger, the national animal of India.
In India, it is found in the plains and valleys of the Himalayas under the name of ” Manis crassicaudata,” but this anteater is also widespread elsewhere in Asia and Africa.
Solitary, discreet, and nocturnal: the pangolin is easy prey for poachers. Rolling into a ball is not enough to avoid the hunters who sell its meat and scales on the Asian market. A pangolin can sell for around 900 euros! In addition to being a delicacy, traditional Asian medicine lends this discreet anteater medicinal properties.
SHANGHAI, almost a myth
It was thought to be extinct until 1953. The Sangai is so rare that it has become a legendary animal in India. Nicknamed “the dancing deer,” it gambols only on the shores of Lake Lokat, in the region of Manipur, on the border with Burma. It has even become the emblem of the region.
Threatened by the disappearance of its habitat and poaching, the Sangai is protected in a national park. There were 204 in 2013, compared to less than 100 in 2008, thanks to conservation efforts.
The FISHING CAT who is not afraid to get wet
A cat who loves water until diving to catch fish? It exists and is called the “fishing cat.” But this stocky feline, now endangered, has been on the red list of endangered species since 2008.
However, sometimes hunted for its skin, it is above all a victim of the destruction of its habitat and the disappearance of its prey. In India, as in Southeast Asia, most wetlands are threatened by pollution, agriculture, or deforestation.
Save the DUGONG
It also calls the “mermaid of the oceans,”.Although the resemblance to Ariel is not obvious at first glance. The Dugong lives in the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans and the Red Sea.
Gentle and easygoing, this marine mammal hunt for its meat and suffers from destroying its natural environment. However, herbivorous, the Dugong grazes the seagrass bed of shallow water, a flora that also threatened. Tourism could help the conservation of this strange animal. With a little luck, it can observed in the Andaman Islands, an Indian territory located off the coast of Burma.
What is the biodiversity index?
It expresses the number of species and their relative abundance in a community. The Diversity Index is calculated through mathematical expressions that relate the number of species in a community and the important values such as number, biomass, productivity, etc., of individuals.
The Republic of India is the 7th country in the world in terms of area with 3,287,263 km². With more than 1.324 billion inhabitants (2016 figure), the country is only 21st globally, ranking by geographic density. The population is, in fact, very unevenly distributed in the country. New Delhi, the capital, and Bombay, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Madras, and Calcutta concentrate a large part of the country’s inhabitants.
Endangered wildlife in India
Divided into 29 states, India has varied landscapes that can host particularly rich biodiversity. To the north, the country borders Nepal and the Himalayan Mountain range, the highest Indian pass of Kanchenjunga, the 3rd highest peak on the planet. It rises to 8,598 meters, only 250 meters less than Everest. In these mountains, we can see the long band panthers – also called nebulae – or the snow leopards, takins, bantengs, or yaks.
Another region very rich in flora and fauna, the Indo-Gangetic plain is irrigated by the river of the same name, and the lands which run alongside it are particularly fertile. It is located in the northeast of India and continues in Bangladesh. India also has many rivers and streams. After the Ganges, the Indus and the Brahmaputra are the country’s main rivers. Some of the most endangered species on the planet live in these rivers, like the Indus dolphin or the Irrawaddy dolphin. The Gangotri National Park, located at the source of the sacred river, is particularly famous. In particular, it is home to Asian black bears and the Alpine musk bearer.
FAQ on Endangered species in India
What percentage of biodiversity does India have?
As one of the seventeen Megadiverse Countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammals, 12.6% of all birds, 6.2% of all reptiles, 4.4% of all amphibians, 11.7% of all fish, and 6% of phanerogams existing in the world.
How many species does India have?
Home to koalas, kangaroos, and the largest coral reef in the world, this country of more than 7 million km2 is home to between 660,000 and 700,000 species of fauna and flora and has endemic mammals known throughout the world, but also indigenous flora such as Hakea, a flower with pointed leaves, and Banksia Nutans,
How many inhabitants does India 2021 have?
With a population of 1,366,417,754 people, India is one of the most populated countries in the world, with 416 inhabitants per km2. The capital of India is New Delhi, and its currency is Indian Rupees.
What are the endangered species?
List of endangered animals
- Polar bear.
- Panda bear.
- Mountain gorilla.
- Snow leopard.
- Sumatran tiger.
Conclusion on Endangered species in India
Finally, it is difficult to evoke the country of the Maharajas without mentioning the Asian elephants, whose largest population is also in India. Domesticated by humans who use them as a means of transport. However, today, the pachyderm is often the object of mistreatment. And there are many human-wildlife conflicts involving Asian elephants.
However, it’s not just tigers, rhinos, or elephants that suffer from climate change, deforestation, or poaching. Here are four other animal species, certainly less but just as endangered in India.